2018 Government Shutdown No. 2 (FY 2019)

2018 Government Shutdown No. 2 (FY 2019)

Presidential administration: Donald Trump

According to Wikipedia, the December 2018-January 2019 shutdown, which was the longest in U.S history to this point, resulted from a disagreement between President Donald Trump and Democrats over the funding for Trump’s proposed Mexico-U.S border wall. Trump demanded an appropriation bill including $5.7 billion for the wall, which Democrats opposed, proposing instead funding for enhancement of existing border security measures. The shutdown began on December 22, 2018, when Democrats rejected a continuing resolution (CR) that included border wall funding. Despite the support from some Republicans, key Democratic leaders remained staunch in opposition, leading to a stalemate on border security funding. The deadlock finally broke on January 25, 2019, with the approval of a plan to reopen the government for three weeks to facilitate negotiation on an agreeable appropriation bill.

Start date: December 21, 2018

End date: January 25, 2019


  • 380,000 federal workers furloughed (Wikipedia)
  • 420,000 workers required to work without any known payment dates (Wikipedia)
  • Reductions to Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) payments (Wikipedia)
  • $140 billion in Internal Revenue Service (IRS) tax refunds were delayed (Wikipedia)
  • About $5 billion in lost revenues (Wikipedia)

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HSDL Featured Topics: Federal Workforce Challenges | Debt Limit 

HSDL Search Results: Government Shutdown | Government Shutdown Agency Contingency Plans

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