1990 California Freeze

1990 California Freeze

For fourteen days, California, particularly in the Central and Southern San Joaquin Valley, suffered a severe freeze. With subfreezing temperatures, and even some locations experiencing temperatures in the teens, the record-breaking freeze caused billions of dollars worth of damage to citrus crops, as well as other crops such as avocados, pistachios, and olives. As a result of the ruined crops, thousands of farm-workers lost their jobs.

Date of event: December 20, 1990-January 3, 1991


  • 200,000 acres of crops destroyed
  • 100,000 farmworkers unemployed
  • $3.4 Billion in damaged agriculture (approximately $5.6 billion today)

Related Resources:

HSDL Featured Topic: Climate Change

HSDL Search: Extreme Cold

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