The Boogaloo Movement: 2019-2021

The “Boogaloo Bois/Boys” are a group of anti-government extremists, rooted in anti-authority and anti-police ideology. The Boogaloo movement arose in 2019, gaining increased attention in 2020 during the Black Lives Matter protests following the killing of George Floyd by Minneapolis police, and for their response to COVID-19 lockdown measures.

The term “boogaloo” itself; a slang phrase, refers to a future civil war which boogalooers anticipate and embrace. Violence against government and law enforcement is widely accepted as a necessity against a perceived authoritarian threat, with members identifying themselves by wearing Hawaiian shirts and being heavily armed. Most members come from various fringe right-wing groups and philosophies, making attitudes toward the left extremely hostile.

The Homeland Security Digital Library (HSDL) maintains a collection of Combating Terrorism Center (CTC) Sentinel issues; monthly publications that gather CTC’s network of scholars in order to understand and confront threats posed by terrorism, extremism, and political violence. CTC Sentinel (February 2021) features an article titled The Evolution of the Boogaloo Movement, which analyzes the ideological principles and growth of the group from 2019 to 2021.

The following articles in HSDL provide further detail in regards to Boogaloo ideology, and the gravity of the diverse threat the movement poses:


For more information, check out articles on HSDL related to Domestic Extremism. Please note an HSDL login is required to view some of these resources.

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