Spring 2015 Newsletter
In this issue: community policing, outlaw motorcycle gangs, lightning, and LLIS project.
Can ongoing communication between law enforcement officials and the communities they serve defuse confrontations and reduce forceful responses from both sides during developing and potentially violent situations? Assigning police officers to specific areas so they become familiar with, and to, the local residents is one aspect of community policing.
- “Community Policing Defined” identifies the three elements comprising community policing: community partnerships, organizational transformation and problem solving. This resource was published by the Department of Justice,COPS [Community Oriented Policing Services] Office ,a valuable resource for community policing information as is Police Executive Research Forum (PERF).
- “Strengthening Police-Community Relations in America’s Cities” is a report by a working group of mayors and police chiefs after a Conference of Mayors meeting in September 2014. This report contains six recommendations to develop better understanding and communications between officials and the communities they serve.
- In an effort to improve the relationship between displaced demographics and law enforcement, Assistant Chief Mark Stainbrook of the San Diego Harbor Police addresses community-led policing endeavors in a video, “Viewpoints in Homeland Defense and Security: Community-led Policing; a Vital Link to the Diaspora”
- “CNA Out Front: Engaging Communities of Color in Positive Policing” resulted from panels of speakers representing different perspectives on this issue, including CHDS Master’s Program graduate Cathy Lanier, Chief of the Metropolitan Police Department of the District of Columbia.
- Final Report of the President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing discusses the distrust that exists between some communities and law enforcement.
- “Overcoming the Challenges and Creating a Regional Approach to Policing in St. Louis City and County” was released in April 2015.
- IACP National Policy Summit on Community-Police Relations: Advancing a Culture of Cohesion and Community Trust is a self described “roadmap” to improve their relationships.
Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs
Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs (OMG) are highly structured organizations and use their clubs to conduct illegal and criminal activities. Studies show there are more than 20,000 OMG members in the United States, and an unknown number of associates. These organizations are responsible for drug trafficking, violence, theft, prostitution rings and other criminal behavior both within the U.S. as well as internationally.
- “Infamous ‘One Percenters’: A Review of the Criminality, Subculture, and Structure of Modern Biker Gangs” includes profiles of four of the largest modern biker gangs (the Hells Angels, the Bandidos, the Outlaws, and the Mongols) and defines the “One Percenters” moniker.
- The National Gang Center Newsletter cites the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) statistic of more than 300 active OMGs within the United States.
- Greta E. Marlatt, HSDL Content Manager and Outreach and the Academic Support Manager for the Naval Postgraduate School’s Dudley Knox Library, has compiled an extensive bibliography of documents relevant to the OMG topic.
- “The Maryland 2013 Gang Threat Assessment” includes the state’s and law enforcement’s responses to gang activity as well as defining three types of gangs and current trends.
- “Bigots on Bikes: The Growing Links Between White Supremacists and Biker Gangs” Not only have white supremacist groups and OMGs become more allied, a number of white supremacist biker gangs and clubs have been formed.
Summer Fun – And Not Fun
Summer is time for vacations, a break from school, swimming, barbeques – and lightning strikes. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, approximately 50 people die from lightning strikes every year and hundreds more are seriously injured. Understand the dangers and share this information with family and friends for a safer summer.
- Do you know the 30/30 rule? Learn it here.
- Firefighters have a particularly high risk of lightning strikes. Read “Lightning Safety: Suggested Guidelines to Reduce the Risk of Strikes”
- Are warning systems cost effective, and do they work? This report investigates: Lightning-Warning Systems for Use by Airports
- How does your community compare when it comes to lightning strikes and fires caused by lightning? One city in Florida decided to investigate. “Does Lightning Strike Twice? An Analysis of the Impact and Predictability of Lightning Strikes in Tallahassee, Florida”
- FEMA offers information about lightning and thunderstorms in this Fact Sheet
The 4th of July brings another type of aerial display and danger – fireworks. Extended drought conditions in parts of our nation will make the danger of fires started by fireworks an extreme hazard. Injuries from fireworks are also a concern. In 2011, there were more than 9,000 fireworks related injuries treated in hospital emergency rooms and an estimated 17,800 reported fires started by fireworks.
Photo credit: NOAA
Lessons Learned Information Sharing (LLIS)/HSDL Consolidation Project
The HSDL team is adding over 20,000 new items into the Homeland Security Digital Library collection resulting from the LLIS.gov/HSDL consolidation project. Items are added daily and we should have much of the content available later this summer. Until then, please let us know if you have specific LLIS items you cannot find in the HSDL and we will be happy to assist you.
- If you have an interest in a specific topic and would like to be notified by email when new articles are added to the HSDL, set up an email alert.
- Recent articles in Homeland Security Affairs, the online journal of the Naval Postgraduate School Center for Homeland Defense and Security, are now available.
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