FEMA National Preparedness Report 2018
The U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency released its 2018 National Preparedness Report which details the nation’s readiness to address emergency incidents. FEMA uses a capabilities-based approach to establish the National Preparedness Goal that focuses on 32 core capabilities and five specific Mission Areas: prevention, protection, mitigation, response and recovery. Focusing on core capabilities rather than specific types of incidents facilitates a “culture of preparedness” in communities and a National Preparedness System that is “locally executed, state managed and federally supported,” and scalable across all hazards.
The 2018 Report details lessons learned from past emergency incidents and focuses on Persistent Preparedness Challenges that must be addressed in order to increase the Nation’s readiness for disaster. These challenges include the capacity to sustain an effective emergency response to a large-scale incident through operational coordination; challenges with the interdependence of infrastructure systems and the need to mitigate disruption to communities; lack of emergency housing during a disaster and slow rebuilding post-disaster; poor economic recovery and limited emergency assistance funds; and, threats to cybersecurity.
The National Incident Management System (NIMS) was established in 2004 to provide a comprehensive national approach to incident management that provides a common framework and language for communities to use to coordinate, communicate, and manage incident response. The 2018 Report considers the efficacy of this system and the need to improve our resilience to disaster, especially in the face of increasing emergency incidents.
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