National Planning Frameworks

Department of Homeland Security

The Department of Homeland Security has released three National Planning Frameworks this month, including the National Response Framework, the National Mitigation Framework, and the National Prevention Framework.

These three documents are part of a series of five National Planning Frameworks which “document the roles and responsibilities of the whole community in all facets of national preparedness. The benefit of this unified effort is a more informed, shared understanding of risks, needs, and capabilities across the whole community; and, in the end, a more secure and resilient nation.”

The three Frameworks “outline how the whole community can take steps to collectively achieve the National Preparedness Goal.” The other two Frameworks in the set include the National Disaster Recovery Framework, released in 2011, and the National Protection Framework, which is still under development.

  • The National Prevention Framework focuses on avoiding, preventing, or stopping a threatened or actual act of terrorism. While other mission areas focus on all hazards, including natural disasters, this framework focuses specifically on imminent acts of terrorism on U.S. soil.
  • The National Mitigation Framework refers to reducing the loss of life and property by lessening the effects of disasters.
  • The National Response Framework covers the capabilities necessary to save lives, protect property and the environment, and meet basic human needs after an incident has occurred.

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