In Case You Missed It: MMWR and COVID

The Homeland Security Digital Library (HSDL) maintains a collection of the Centers for Disease Control‘s (CDC) Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), which collects and analyzes data from the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) on epidemiology and public health. Each issue of the MMWR is packed with raw and analyzed public health data and scientific studies from some of the top minds in the United States. In light of the COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) epidemic, we are highlighting some of the most current and informative COVID-related studies included in their weekly reports. 

Here are some articles you may have missed from Volume 70, Issues 11-14 of the Centers for Disease Control’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) Series. 

April 9, 2021/ Volume 70 No. 14 Featured Article:  

COVID-19 Incidence and Mortality Among American Indian/Alaska Native and White Persons –Montana, March 13-November 30, 2020”  

This analysis indicates that COVID-19 incidence and mortality are higher among American Indian or Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations compared to White populations with 2.2 times greater incidence and 3,8 times mortality rate observed in Montana. These findings underscore the importance of culturally appropriate public health measures and state and tribal vaccination strategies.  

April 2, 2021/ Volume 70 No. 13 Featured Article: 

Willingness to Receive a COVID-19 Vaccination Among Incarcerated or Detained Persons in Correctional and Detention Facilities — Four States, September-December 2020  

In recognition of the fact that the COVID-19 pandemic has had a disproportionate impact on incarcerated populations, this report surveyed participants at correctional and detention facilities in four states and found that 45% were willing to be vaccinated. According to the findings, “willingness to be vaccinated was lower among participants who were younger, identified as Black/African American, and lived in jails.”  

March 26, 2021/ Volume 70 No.12 Featured Article: 

Rapid Scale-up of an Antiretroviral Therapy Program Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic — Nine States, Nigeria, March 31, 2019-September 30, 2020”  

Global health initiatives such as the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) have continued despite the COVID-19 pandemic. In April 2019, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) launched an antiretroviral therapy (ART) program in nine Nigerian states. to rapidly increase the number of persons with HIV infection receiving ART. According to this report, “compared with March 2019, a total of 208,202 more persons were receiving PEPFAR-supported ART in September 2020.”

March 19, 2021/ Volume 70 No.11 Featured Article:  

“Minimal SARS-CoV-2 Transmission After Implementation of a Comprehensive Mitigation Strategy at a School — New Jersey, August 20-November 27, 2020  

This report explores efforts to minimize transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) at a New Jersey school via implementation of a comprehensive mitigation strategy. The report finds that “comprehensive mitigation approaches including frequent testing and universal masking can help prevent outbreaks in in-person high school settings even when community transmission is ongoing.” 

For more information, visit our Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Special Collection or our In Focus: 2019 Novel Coronavirus collection. You can also find pandemic-related resources in our HSDL Featured Topics on Pandemics and Epidemics. Please note that an HSDL login is required to view some of these resources. 

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