In Case You Missed It: MMWR

The Homeland Security Digital Library (HSDL) maintains a collection of the Centers for Disease Control’s (CDC) Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), which collects and analyzes data from the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) on epidemiology and public health. Each issue of the MMWR is packed with raw and analyzed public health data and scientific studies from some of the top minds in the United States. Below we highlight some of the most current and informative studies included in their weekly reports. 

Here are some important articles you may have missed from Volume 71, Issues 41-45 of the Centers for Disease Control’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) Series

November 11, 2022 / No. 45 Featured Articles: 

Notes from the Field: Outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease Caused by Sudan ebolavirus — Uganda, August–October 2022″

Uganda is experiencing its 5th outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) since 2000. As of October 31, 2022, “130 confirmed and 18 probable EVD cases were identified,” and 43 (33%) deaths were reported.

“Epidemiologic Features of the Monkeypox Outbreak and the Public Health Response — United States, May 17–October 6, 2022”

Monkeypox cases continued to rise during May 17–October 6, 2022. During that time period, 26,384 U.S. monkeypox cases were reported. On August 9, 2022, the FDA issued an emergency use authorization (EUA) for administration of a low volume dose of the JYNNEOS vaccine in adults 18 and older. “As of October 10, 2022, a total of 931,155 doses had been administered.”

November 4, 2022 / No. 44 Featured Article: 

“Routine Vaccination Coverage — Worldwide, 2021”

This report provides details on routine vaccinations that have been disrupted worldwide mostly due to the COVID-19 pandemic and discusses the World Health Organization (WHO) goals and strategies.

October 28, 2022 / No. 43 Featured Article: 

“Influenza Incidence and Vaccine Effectiveness During the Southern Hemisphere Influenza Season — Chile, 2022”

Influenza hit earlier than expected this year. This study done in Chile observed incidence and vaccine effectiveness (reduced hospitalizations by 49%) and noted that cases may be more severe this year due to “[r]educed population exposure to natural influenza infections during 2020–21 and relaxed community mitigation measures after introduction of COVID-19 vaccines.”

October 21, 2022 / No. 42 Featured Article: 

“Influenza and COVID-19 Vaccination Coverage Among Health Care Personnel — United States, 2021–22”

This study notes that Health Care Personnel (HCP) are encouraged to stay up-to-date on Influenza and COVID-19 vaccinations, but from 2021-22, Influenza vaccination coverage was only 79.9%. Primary COVID-19 vaccination series coverage was 87.3%; however, only 67.1% of those received a COVID-19 booster dose. Interestingly, “coverage was lowest among HCP working in long-term care settings.”

October 14, 2022 / No. 41 Featured Article: 

“Adverse Childhood Experiences During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Associations with Poor Mental Health and Suicidal Behaviors Among High School Students — Adolescent Behaviors and Experiences Survey, United States, January–June 2021”

This article discusses the correlation of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and the increased risk for poor mental health and suicidal behavior amongst high school students. Nearly 75% of high school students who participated in the 2021 Adolescent Behaviors and Experiences Survey (ABES) reported at least one ACE during the COVID-19 pandemic. A notable finding showed that:

“After considering demographic characteristics and ACEs assessed, emotional abuse was most strongly associated with poor mental health and suicidal behaviors. This finding is consistent with literature indicating that, although all forms of abuse contribute to adolescent suicidal behaviors, emotional abuse might be relatively more harmful.”

For more information on COVID, visit HSDL’s COVID-19 Resource Archive. You can also find pandemic-related resources in HSDL’s In Focus on Pandemics and Epidemics, and search our statistical resources related to public health.

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