FBI Study of Active Shooter Incidents in the United States Between 2000 and 2013

From 2000 to 2013, 160 ‘active shooter’ incidents have occurred in 40 of 50 states and the District of Columbia. The casualties of these shootings, both victims killed and wounded, have totaled 1,043. Nearly 40% of these active shooter incidents can be defined as a “mass killing” (“three or more” killed). A new study by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), “Study of Active Shooter Incidents in the United States Between 2000 and 2013” shows an annual increase in active shooter threat.  In the first 7 years of the study, an average of 6.4 incidents occurred annually and in the following 7 years that number jumped to 16.4.

“The agreed-upon definition of an active shooter by U.S. government agencies—including the White House , U.S. Department of Justice/FBI, U.S. Department of Education, and U.S. Department of Homeland Security/Federal Emergency Management Agency—is ‘an individual actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in a confined and populated area.’ Implicit in this definition is that the subject’s criminal actions involve the use of firearms.”

The FBI goes into great detail with this report, revealing location breakdowns to include: schools, malls, government property, businesses, and so on. Each of these individual breakdowns are shown further to reveal when and how active shooter incidents have occurred and the casualties in each area. The location area where the most active shooter incidents occurred (73 of 160 or 45.6%) was in Commerce – Businesses and Malls. The lowest number of incidents occurred at Health Care Facilities (4 of 160 or 2.5%).

The reason behind this study was not to understand why the shooters have committed these crimes, but more so how communities can be better prepared for an active shooter incident. The FBI believes that these “results support the importance of training and exercises—not only for law enforcement but also for citizens. It is important, too, that training and exercises include not only an understanding of the threats faced but also the risks and options available in active shooter incidents.” The FBI remains committed in “developing better prevention, response, and recovery practices involving active shooter incidents.”

Read the full report in the HSDL here: Study of Active Shooter Incidents in the United States Between 2000 and 2013

Article formerly posted at https://www.hsdl.org/blog/newpost/view/fbi-study-of-active-shooter-incidents-in-the-united-states-between-2000-and-2013