FBI Updates 2020 Hate Crime Data

This week, the Federal Bureau of Investigation released updated 2020 Hate Crime Statistics as part of its Uniform Crime Reporting Program. “[M]odifications were made to Ohio’s hate crime data in the FBI’s database following the release. In turn, these updates affected the national hate crime totals. The updated 2020 data, submitted by 15,138 law enforcement agencies, provide information about the offenses, victims, offenders, and locations of hate crimes.”

Victims of Hate Crime Incidents

FBI Crime Statistics graph showing 2020 Bias Motivations

-There were 8,052 single-bias incidents involving 11,126 victims. A percent distribution of victims by bias type shows that 61.8% of victims were targeted because of the offenders’ race/ethnicity/ancestry bias, 20.0% were victimized because of the offenders’ sexual-orientation bias, 13.3% were targeted because of the offenders’ religious bias, 2.7% were targeted because of the offenders’ gender identity bias, 1.4% were victimized because of the offenders’ disability bias, and 0.7% were victimized because of the offenders’ gender bias.

-There were 211 multiple-bias hate crime incidents that involved 346 victims.

Offenses by Crime Category

-Of the 7,750 hate crime offenses classified as crimes against persons in 2020, 53.1% were for intimidation, 27.9% were for simple assault, and 17.9% were for aggravated assault. Twenty-two (22) murders and 21 rapes were reported as hate crimes. The remaining 32 hate crime offenses were reported in the category of other.

-Of the 3,147 hate crime offenses classified as crimes against property, most (74.1%) were acts of destruction/damage/vandalism. Robbery, burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, arson, and other offenses accounted for the remaining 25.9% of crimes against property.

-Two hundred thirty-two (232) additional offenses were classified as crimes against society. This crime category represents society’s prohibition against engaging in certain types of activity such as gambling, prostitution, and drug violations. These are typically victimless crimes in which property is not the object.

Hate crime statistics for the U.S. are published on an annual basis and can be found, along with other law enforcement data, by using the FBI’s Crime Data Explorer.

More resources on crime data and hate crimes can be found at the Homeland Security Digital Library (HSDL). Additional information may be found by visiting the HSDL Featured Topics.

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