Electromagnetic Spectrum Strategy Released by the DoD

The use of radio is an important part of the electromagnetic spectrum.The Department of Defense (DoD) relies heavily on the electromagnetic spectrum to transmit data. As the use of the spectrum increases, the electromagnetic spectrum has become progressively more congested. The demand for timely information from air, land, maritime, space, and cyberspace operations requires a change in the way the electromagnetic spectrum is managed.

Moreover, enemy combatants use the electromagnetic spectrum to conduct cyber attacks and reduce the military’s ability to utilize the spectrum. These highly sophisticated attackers utilize the spectrum to disrupt national and international operations.

The DoD has released the Electromagnetic Spectrum Strategy (EMS) to address these issues. According to the press release, “The DoD EMS Strategy and its supporting roadmap and action plan will establish key goals and objectives that focus on developing systems that are efficient, flexible, and adaptable in their use of the spectrum; increasing our operational agility in use of the spectrum; and participating in the development of national and international policies and regulations needed to enable these improvements.”

In 2010, President Obama released a memorandum that requires the distribution of 500 MHz of spectrum for commercial use by 2020; a later memorandum encouraged the shared use of the spectrum between the military and the private sector. This was in an attempt to spur economic growth in the United States, allowing for innovation in new technologies that utilize the electromagnetic spectrum.

However, this will mean less of the spectrum will be allocated to military use. The military will need to adapt to its decrease in allocated spectrum use.

The electromagnetic spectrum is the range of frequencies, including radio, microwave, infrared, and more recently, terahertz radiation, all of which can be utilized by the public and private sectors for various purposes.

The DoD hopes to partner with private industries to meet the requirements of a growing use of the electromagnetic spectrum.

Article formerly posted at https://www.hsdl.org/blog/newpost/view/s_5036