In a collaborative effort, the Department of Justice (DOJ) and Department of Homeland Security (DHS) published a report on Executive Order 13780, Protecting the Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States. Executive Order 13780 established mostly classified improvements to national security policies, focusing on the U.S. immigration system.
However, the report states that Section 11 of EO 13780 promotes some degree of transparency with American citizens. The Secretary of Homeland Security and the Attorney General must collect and publish the following information:
- Number of foreign nationals charged, convicted, or removed from the U.S. because of terrorism-related offenses
- Number of foreign nationals radicalized in the U.S. after entry and have either engaged in terrorism-related activities or lent support to organizations that threaten U.S. national security
- Number of foreign nations who commit gender-based violence against women in the U.S. (e.g. “honor killings”)
- Information deemed relevant to public safety and security by the Secretary of Homeland Security or the Attorney General
Among its key findings, the report reveals that 549 individuals were convicted of international terrorism-related charges between September 11, 2001 and December 31, 2016; 402 individuals were foreign born (73%), 254 were not U.S. citizens, 148 were foreign-born U.S. citizens, and 147 were U.S. citizens by birth.
The U.S. government will use the findings to identify trends in international terrorism and shape policies to address them directly. DHS and DOJ vow to continue providing information as directed by Section 11, “in the interest of full transparency and accountability to the American people.”