Biden Administration Releases Central American Migration Root Causes Strategy

The National Security Council has released the U.S. Strategy for Addressing the Root Causes of Migration in Central America, a document aimed at tailoring American engagement in Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador to more effectively stem migration. 

According to Vice President Kamala Harris’ opening cover message, the Strategy “lays out a framework to use the policy, resources, and diplomacy of the United States, and to leverage the expertise and resources of a broad group of public and private stakeholders, to build hope for citizens in the region that the life they desire can be found at home.” The document goes on to provide an introduction, and overviews of the strategic environment, desired end state, and strategic framework.   

The Strategy is built upon the following five pillars, each of which identifies relevant strategic objectives and lines of effort:

  • Pillar I: Addressing Economic Insecurity and Inequality 
  • Pillar II: Combating corruption, strengthening democratic governance, and advancing the rule of law  
  • Pillar III: Promoting respect for human rights, labor rights, and a free press 
  • Pillar IV: Countering and preventing violence, extortion, and other crimes perpetrated by criminal gangs, trafficking networks, and other organized criminal organizations 
  • Pillar V: Combating sexual, gender-based, and domestic violence 


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