14 Dec, 2023
Hamas: Background, Current Status, and U.S. Policy [December 14, 2023]
Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service
Zanotti, Jim
From the document: "Hamas (or the Islamic Resistance Movement) is a Palestinian Sunni Islamist military and sociopolitical movement, and a U.S.-designated foreign terrorist organization (FTO). Hamas's primary base of action and support is in the Gaza Strip, which it has controlled since 2007. It also operates in the West Bank and Lebanon, and some Hamas leaders and personnel live and/or work in various Arab countries and Turkey. Hamas reportedly receives material assistance and training from Iran and some of its allies, including the Lebanese Shia group Hezbollah (another FTO). From its inception, Hamas has overseen a social welfare network that appears to have aided its popularity among Palestinians while serving as a conduit for some funding for Hamas military operations. On October 7, 2023, Hamas led a surprise assault against Israel that killed some 1,200 Israelis and foreign nationals (including 35 Americans) and took around 240 persons hostage (including some Americans)--more than 100 of whom were released in November. The attack's scope and lethality was unprecedented for Hamas. The ensuing conflict, which has reportedly killed more than 18,000 Palestinians in Gaza, has reshaped Middle Eastern dynamics, with implications for U.S. policy and Congress. A Hamas spokesperson has said the group is committed to repeating October 7-style attacks against Israel."
  • URL
  • Author
    Zanotti, Jim
  • Publisher
    Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service
  • Report Number
    CRS In Focus, IF12549
  • Date
    14 Dec, 2023
  • Copyright
    Public Domain
  • Retrieved From
    Congressional Research Service: crsreports.congress.gov/
  • Format
  • Media Type
  • Subjects
    Israel Hamas Conflict 2023-
    Ḥarakat al-Muqāwamah al-Islāmīyah
  • Resource Group
    Reports (CRS)

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