Hurricane Katrina as a Predictable Surprise
Naval Postgraduate School (U.S.). Center for Homeland Defense and Security
Irons, Larry
"The paper asks whether the preparation and response of federal agencies in New Orleans to Hurricane Katrina was a predictable surprise. The discussion examines the role of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in preparing the levee protection system, asking whether its organizational processes supported surprise-avoidance, or were surprise-conducive. FEMA's Katrina response is also reviewed with the same concerns. The actions of each agency are considered along four characteristic traits of predictable surprises. The study offers several policy proposals, some presented by the Secretary of Homeland Security and others stemming from insights developed in the current analysis."
  • URL
  • Author
    Irons, Larry
  • Publisher
    Naval Postgraduate School (U.S.). Center for Homeland Defense and Security
  • Date
  • Copyright
    2005 by the authors
  • Retrieved From
    Homeland Security Affairs Journal: www.hsaj.org/hsa/
  • Format
  • Media Type
  • Source
    Homeland Security Affairs (2005), v.1 no.2, article 7
  • Resource Group
    Journals and articles

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