15 Jul, 2002
Nuclear, Biological, Chemical, and Missile Proliferation Sanctions: Selected Current Law [Updated July 15, 2002]
Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service
Rennack, Dianne E.
"The use of economic sanctions to stem weapons proliferation acquired a new dimension in the 1990s. While earlier legislation required the cutoff of foreign aid to countries engaged in specified nuclear proliferation activities and mentioned other sanctions as a possible mechanism for bringing countries into compliance with goals of treaties or international agreements, it was not until 1990 that Congress enacted explicit guidelines for trade sanctions related to missile proliferation. In that year a requirement for the President to impose sanctions against U.S. persons or foreign persons engaging in trade of items or technology listed in the Missile Technology Control Regime Annex (MTCR Annex) was added to the Arms Export Control Act and to the Export Administration Act of 1979. Subsequently, Congress legislated economic sanctions against countries that contribute to the proliferation of chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons in a broad array of laws. This report offers a listing and brief description of legal provisions that require or authorize the imposition of some form of economic sanction against countries, companies, or persons who violate U.S. nonproliferation norms. For each provision, information is included on what triggers the imposition of sanctions, their duration, what authority the President has to delay or abstain from imposing sanctions, and what authority the President has to waive the imposition of sanctions."
  • URL
  • Author
    Rennack, Dianne E.
  • Publisher
    Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service
  • Report Number
    CRS Report for Congress, RL31502
  • Date
    15 Jul, 2002
  • Copyright
    Public Domain
  • Retrieved From
    Open CRS: www.opencrs.com/
  • Format
  • Media Type
  • Subjects
    Economic sanctions, American
    Nuclear arms control
    Biological arms control
    Chemical arms control
    Ballistic missile defenses
    National security
    Weapons of mass destruction
    Arms race
    United States
  • Resource Group
    Reports (CRS)
  • Series
    CRS Report for Congress, RL31502

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