Sep, 2003
Defense Science Board Task Force on The Role and Status of DoD Red Teaming Activities
United States. Defense Science Board
The Task Force was charged to examine the use of red teams in the Department of Defense and recommend ways that such teams could be of greater value to the department. The term "red team" refers to not only "playing" adversaries or competitors, but also serving as devil's advocates, offering alternative interpretations (team B) and otherwise challenging established thinking within an enterprise. The report argues that red teaming is especially important now for the DoD. Current adversaries are tougher targets for intelligence than was the United State's major cold war foe. Red teaming deepens understanding of options available to adaptive adversaries and both complements and informs intelligence collection and analysis. Aggressive red teams are needed to challenge emerging operational concepts in order to discover weaknesses before real adversaries do. In addition, in the wake of recent military operations, use of red teams can temper the complacency that often follows success. The authors elaborate on the meaning of red teaming and discuss the attributes of effective red teams. A summary of some current red team activities in DoD is provided as well as a discussion of a special case of the use of red teams where the red team addresses issues fundamental to the existence of the enterprise and not just particular plans or programs. The report concludes with a discussion of several recommendations on the use of red teams.

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