2016 GTI: 650% Increase in Terrorism Deaths in OECD Countries

The Institute for Economics and Peace released their 2016 Global Terrorism Index (GTI), “a comprehensive summary of the key global trends and patterns in terrorism over the last 16 years”. The 2016 GTI differs from the previous four years’ findings in that total number of deaths caused by terrorism decreased by 10% in 2015, the first decline in six years. However, deaths in OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) countries increased “from 77 in 2014 to 577 in 2015“, or 650%. Turkey and France were by far the countries most affected by this increase, which is attributed to the combination of ISIS-inspired lone wolves and the group’s transnational tactics. Additionally, “more than half of the 577 deaths” in OECD countries were in connection to ISIS.

Key findings in the 2016 GTI:

  • The largest reductions occurred in Iraq and Nigeria, with 32% fewer deaths.
  • 72% of all terrorism deaths occurred in Iraq, Afghanistan, Nigeria, Pakistan and Syria.
  • Since 2006, 98% of terrorism deaths in the US were committed by lone wolves.
  • Half of all ISIS-connected plots were committed by people with no direct contact with the group.

For more information on terrorism data and trends, visit Lone Wolf Terrorism and Domestic Terrorism: Jihadist/Islamist in the Featured Topics section of the HSDL.