The Naval Postgraduate School & The U.S. Department of Homeland Security

Energy Rush: Shale Production and U.S. National Security

Oil RigIn a new report released by the Center for a New American Security, author Elizabeth Rosenberg analyzes the recent energy boom in the United States. The report, "Energy Rush: Shale Production and U.S. National Security", focuses on "the ongoing shale boom in the United States and its implications for U.S. energy and national security," and argues that "the energy boom will have profound implications on energy markets and political relationships between major consumers and producers."

Along with economic markets and political relationships, another major concern of the report is the maintenance of American security interests. As the United States becomes less and less dependent on foreign oil, the report suggests that the U.S. may be tempted to drift towards "energy isolationism." While reduced energy dependency has positive implications, such as decreased oil prices for consumers, the report argues that isolationism can also have negative security implications, such as "neglecting bilateral relationships with major global players and forfeiting economic opportunities to export energy". Therefore, according to Rosenberg, "the three key factors in the promotion of energy security are increasing energy efficiency, diversifying supply and investing in energy production for the future."

In order to achieve a balance between domestic security and diversifying economic opportunities, the report recommends that the United States "accept the reality of energy interdependence, take steps to decrease domestic consumption and diversify supplies, facilitate broader energy exports, and more deeply and creatively integrate energy security into strategic policy and military planning." This includes playing a "strong international leadership role" in oil and basic energy commodity exports.