The Naval Postgraduate School & The U.S. Department of Homeland Security

New Report on Espionage and the Theft of US Economic Secrets in Cyberspace

Cyber Foreign Spies Stealing US Economic Secrets in Cyberspace: Report to Congress on Foreign Economic Collection and Industrial Espionage, 2009-2011 This annual report to congress highlights the threat to the United States from foreign economic collection and espionage in cyberspace. The report was compiled by the Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive (ONCIX) and represents "significant contributions from the Counterintelligence Community." This years report is different from previous reports in the following ways: 1. The focus has been changed and it gives special attention to "foreign collectors' exploitation of cyberspace." 2. The drafters have consulted new sources of government information. 3. The ONCIX used "significant resources" from outside the Intelligence Community for this report. According to the report, "sensitive US economic information and technology are targeted by the intelligence services, private sector companies, academic and research institutions, and citizens of dozens of countries." The main pervasive threats highlighted include the following: • "Chinese actors are the world’s most active and persistent perpetrators of economic espionage. US private sector firms and cybersecurity specialists have reported an onslaught of computer network intrusions that have originated in China, but the IC cannot confirm who was responsible. • Russia’s intelligence services are conducting a range of activities to collect economic information and technology from US targets." • Some US allies and partners use their broad access to US institutions to acquire sensitive US economic and technology information, primarily through aggressive elicitation and other human intelligence (HUMINT) tactics. Some of these states have advanced cyber capabilities." To read previous annual reports click here.