The Naval Postgraduate School & The U.S. Department of Homeland Security

New Executive Order Modifies Communicable Disease Quarantine Inclusions

Great SealExecutive Order (EO) 13674 of July 31, 2014, publishes a revised list of quarantinable communicable diseases, modifying EO 13295. "Based upon the recommendation of the Secretary of Health and Human Services, in consultation with the Acting Surgeon General, and for the purposes set forth in section 1 of Executive Order 13295 of April 4, 2003, as amended by Executive Order 13375 of April 1, 2005, section 1 of Executive Order 13295 shall be further amended by replacing subsection (b) with the following: '(b) Severe acute respiratory syndromes, which are diseases that are associated with fever and signs and symptoms of pneumonia or other respiratory illness, are capable of being transmitted from person to person, and that either are causing, or have the potential to cause, a pandemic, or, upon infection, are highly likely to cause mortality or serious morbidity if not properly controlled. This subsection does not apply to influenza.'"

Section 2 of the EO further reinforces the right of the executive and legislative branches to introduce future policy on the issue of quarantinable diseases. This EO is in response to the recent Ebola outbreak quarantine concerns in the United States.