From the Background: "In March 2020, governments worldwide imposed curfews and rules on reducing physical social contact in order to stem the spread of the corona virus. Wherever possible, employers allowed their employees to work from home, where, more and more, private IT [information technology] devices are being used for official business. This larger IT surface is often less well protected than IT devices used at work. New programs, e.g. for conference calls and video conferences, are being introduced under time pressure, in most cases without adequate security checks. Also, there are more and more reports about cyber attacks on health-care organizations on whose proper functioning governments and societies are more dependent now than ever. What is the impact of the COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] pandemic on cyber security, cyber crime and state-sponsored cyber activities? How can governments reduce cyber threats and address them?"