This newly published material, transcribed by Rutgers University, features all publicly available Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) conversations from September 11, 2001. Notably, it shows the general confusion and communication issues that occurred that fateful morning. This transcript is complete with only two exceptions: 30 minutes of cockpit recording of Flight 93 are redacted, as well as a conference call between Dick Cheney, Donald Rumsfeld, and other high level officials. One unknown speaker summed up the day succinctly: "This is a new type of war, that's what it is."
United States. Federal Aviation Administration; North American Aerospace Defense Command