From the Background: "President Donald Trump issued Executive Order (E.O.) 13932, titled 'Modernizing and Reforming the Assessment and Hiring of Federal Job Candidates,' on June 26, 2020. The E.O. seeks to alter the federal hiring process by removing potentially unnecessary education qualifications to ensure that the federal hiring process is merit-based. The 'merit system' is generally held to be a keystone of the federal civil service. This E.O. aligns with the President's Management Agenda, which identifies 'enhanced alignment and strategic management of the Federal workforce' as a primary goal. The E.O. also appears to align with certain aspects of current law. In particular, the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) and agencies are prohibited by law from prescribing a minimum educational requirement for competitive service positions, albeit with limited exceptions for scientific, technical, and certain other positions. OPM has issued guidance on E.O. 13932 for the increased use of skills- and competency-based assessments in the federal hiring process. OPM's guidance explained that the agency's website already outlines a number of competency-based assessment options. OPM's guidance also offers a schedule for the implementation of the E.O."
Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service