From the Document: "The Biden Administration recently ended the Trump-era public charge policy. This is a critical first step toward addressing the damage it has caused. However, more must be done to overcome its lasting 'chilling effect.' Research has confirmed that the lead up to and rollout of the Trump public charge policy created a pronounced and persistent 'chilling effect,' with immigrants and their family members disenrolling from or failing to enroll in critical health, nutrition, and economic supports for which they were eligible. The Trump policy took effect just weeks before the COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] pandemic hit the United States, which has amplified the health and economic harm of the pandemic. Public health experts now warn that its lasting effects threaten COVID-19 vaccination efforts. This fact sheet describes research documenting the damage done by public charge. It strongly supports swift rulemaking -- to cement and clarify the policy details -- as well as accompanying outreach efforts by the Biden administration to make clear that it is safe for immigrant families to access health care, nutrition, housing, and other economic support programs."