From the Summary: "In this note, we review Colombia's handling of the COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] crisis. The first line of policy response slowed down the pace of contagion and avoided excess deaths, providing additional time to strengthen the health system and increase ICU [intensive care unit] capacity. However, the challenges that remain are significant. Testing and contact tracing capacity is inadequate, and ICU occupancy rate is in red alert. There is lockdown fatigue, driving people back to the streets despite the virus's expansion. Timely adopted economic measures have been insufficient to avoid a major recession and a significant reversal in poverty and inequality. We provide some policy recommendations for the next stages of the pandemic."