From the Executive Summary: "Public health and health care systems throughout the world were woefully unprepared for the COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] pandemic. As hospitalizations surged, frontline health care workers caring for patients with COVID-19 have grappled with shortages of protective personal equipment (PPE) and of necessary resources and equipment for patient care, often with little guidance to inform their allocation decisions. Many health care workers have been infected with and died from COVID-19. And many more have experienced high levels of stress, anxiety, and burnout. [...] And in the face of all these threats and challenges, health care workers who have spoken out about their safety concerns or allocation decisions have faced reprisals and retaliation worldwide, from both their employers and their governments. Health care workers have been fired, faced new restrictions, and even been detained for voicing their safety concerns. [...] As many countries and U.S. states continue to experience additional surges of COVID-19 cases and increased hospitalizations, it becomes even more crucial to ensure that the human rights and safety of health care workers are protected. Health care workers are protected by international human rights law and various domestic laws and are entitled to workplace safety and a right to health. In the context of this pandemic, these rights are being violated and employers and governments are failing to meet their legal obligations to the rights of health care workers."