From the Document: "The role of Canada's intelligence and national security community has been widely debated since the onset of the COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] pandemic. Some describe its emergence as an intelligence failure or a failure of early warning. Those in this camp argue that Canada should expand the mandates of its security and intelligence agencies to monitor and respond to global health threats. Others argue that the role of intelligence and national security in health matters is and should remain limited. Pandemics have traditionally been considered a public health issue with national security consequences, not a national security issue in and of itself. Tasking security and intelligence agencies with a health intelligence mandate might cause more problems than it solves, duplicating existing capabilities and overstating the utility of early warning to policy-makers. [...] We have arranged this book in two parts. The first contains four chapters and examines some of the new challenges facing those working in Canadian national security. [...] The second part of the book contains ten chapters and looks at how several sectors of the Canadian government responded to the pandemic."