From the Document: "International IDEA's [International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance] The Global State of Democracy (GSoD) 2021 reviews the state of democracy around the world over the course of 2020 and 2021, with democratic trends since 2015 used as contextual reference. It is based on analysis of events that have impacted democratic governance globally since the start of the pandemic, based on various data sources, including International IDEA's Global Monitor of Covid-19's [coronavirus disease 2019's] Impact on Democracy and Human Rights, and International IDEA's Global State of Democracy (GSoD) Indices. [...] This paper constitutes a background document for The Global State of Democracy 2021, which notes a decline in clean elections across both democratic and non-democratic (hybrid and authoritarian) regimes that has been exacerbated by the pandemic. The main report also points to cases of electoral resilience. Along these lines, this background paper aims to present key trends and lessons learned relating to challenges and opportunities for conducting elections during crises. The paper offers policy recommendations for national governments, parliaments, electoral management bodies and international development organizations, and makes forward-looking conclusions."
International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance
Alihodžić, Sead; Agrawal, Khushbu; Asplund, Erik . . .