From the Executive Summary: "Since the mid-1990s, there has been a sustained research effort in many countries to further knowledge about why people stop offending. This white paper focuses on international interventions that have been initiated to foster desistance. The paper first discusses how desistance has been defined and operationalized, and reviews the main associates and correlates of desistance. It then critiques many criminal justice systems' desistance-promoting elements and presents the lessons learned from various countries that have pursued such policies. Finally, it discusses some of the interventions that appear likely to support and promote desistance. [...] The paper examines the very few studies that explore variations in these processes by ethnicity as well as studies that are cross-national."