"According to the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), data from the National Vital Statistics System show that the 1991 death rate from fire and burns for children age one to four was 4.1 per 100,000 population. This compared to a rate of .92 per 100,000 population for children aged 5 to 19. One of the problems associated with reaching this high-risk group, given their age and related thinking skills, is making the limited opportunities to teach preschoolers fire safety as meaningful to them as possible. The purpose of this research project was to establish some basic criteria for the evaluation of fire safety lessons for preschoolers, in consideration of their unique cognitive abilities. A descriptive research procedure was conducted to determine the current theories of educational psychology, as they relate to the cognitive development of preschoolers. This research project studied the cognitive abilities of preschool children, including teaching strategies, and made application of the results to teaching fire safety and evaluating current programs."