In the confusion of effort that has resulted from trying to deal with homeland defense in the complex contemporary global security environment, strategic considerations have played little part in the debate and actions pertaining to national and global security. The general result in the United States has been the ad hoc and piece-meal crisis management of security affairs. That approach, in turn, has led to ad hoc, piecemeal, and less-than-desirable results---and high personnel, monetary, and political costs. As a consequence, many participants in the Conference on Homeland Security, 2000, either call for or respond to a call for clear policy direction---and a strategy and organizational structure that provides the basic guidance regarding how to better defend the United States and its global interests. Manwaring and Corr intend to establish the philosophical underpinnings and a beginning point for a field theory from which to achieve the vision necessary for greater success in safeguarding the American homeland. In that connection, it must be remembered that, in the highly integrated global system, global defense is homeland defense.
Army War College (U.S.). Strategic Studies Institute