"The OSD [Office of the Secretary of Defense] needs high-accuracy and low-latency automatic identification and mitigation techniques to detect and stop phishing attacks. Phishing has evolved from a nuisance into a top security concern. As the number, cost, and complexity of phishing attacks continue to increase, robust and effective techniques are critically needed to counter the new threats. Existing solutions such as spam filters rely heavily on manually maintained blacklists of phishing websites, and are not robust at catching phishing emails, especially spear-phishing attacks, since these attacks look just like legitimate emails. […] The techniques developed under this research will result in enhanced phishing email detection. The project leverages the analytical power of socio-linguistics in order to enhance automated analysis of email. It provides novel instruments for automating this analysis: socio-linguistic features can be quantified and incorporated into phishing detection systems."