"During the Cold War, United Nations (UN) peacekeepers patrolled buffer zones between warring interstate parties who had signed a peace agreement and consented to the UN's 'blue helmet' presence. Post-Cold War conflicts, on the other hand, have been chiefly of the intrastate variety with its attending complexities. When UN peacekeepers deploy today, they often find no uniformed enemy to contain and no peace to keep. Donning instead blue berets, as befitting their peacebuilding vice peacekeeping role, they encounter populations disillusioned with governments that have failed to protect them from 21st century internal threats to peace: political repression, organized criminal violence, and civil unrest from economic crises. Many countries and sub-national areas are fragile, with one in four people on the planet at risk from repeated violence, weak governance, and instability. These terms are admittedly vague, and offer few clues to the underlying drivers of the conflict. The thesis of this paper is that overwhelmingly, the drivers of much violence and instability in many developing countries stem from land conflict, and solutions to this age-old, ensnaring problem are achievable with structured practices and available tools that focus on land administration."
Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute
Batson, Douglas E.
Registering the Human Terrain: A Valuation of Cadastre
"This book is the culmination of research by Douglas Batson while he was an Office of the Director of National Intelligence Research Fellow at this College in 2006-2007. The manuscript was originally prepared to fulfill part of the requirements for Research Fellows at this institution. Mr. Batson's work offers specifics on how to assist developing countries in registering property so the owners have security of tenure. Property rights are at the heart of many problems in dealing with refugees and in turn with governmental stability. Its publication offers an example of the variety of applied intelligence research carried out by the Research Fellows."