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  • Inauguration Security: Operations, Appropriations, and Issues for Congress [January 11, 2017]
    "Every four years, on January 20, the President-elect is sworn in as President of the United States. [...] The inauguration ceremonies are public and, like the President's State of the Union address, they are events in which a… more
    Reese, Shawn; Straus, Jacob R.; Bailey, Christina M.
  • Millennium Challenge Corporation [January 11, 2017]
    "The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) provides economic assistance through a competitive selection process to developing nations that demonstrate positive performance in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, a… more
    Tarnoff, Curt
  • Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV): Background and Issues for Congress [January 10, 2017]
    "The Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) is being developed by the Army and the Marine Corps as a successor to the High Mobility, Multi-Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV), which has been in service since 1985. On October 28, 2008, awards… more
    Feickert, Andrew
  • Sanctuary Jurisdictions and Criminal Aliens: In Brief [January 10, 2017]
    "The prominence of immigration enforcement issues during the 2016 presidential election as well as publicity surrounding crimes committed by some unauthorized aliens have reignited debates over immigration enforcement in the i… more
    Kandel, William
  • Clean Power Plan: Legal Background and Pending Litigation in West Virginia v. EPA [January 10, 2017]
    "On October 23, 2015, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published its final Clean Power Plan rule (Rule) to regulate emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs), specifically carbon dioxide (CO2), from existing fossil fu… more
    Tsang, Linda; Wyatt, Alexandra M.
  • Biennial Budgeting: Issues, Options, and Congressional Actions [January 10, 2017]
    "Difficulties in the timely enactment of budgetary legislation have long fueled interest in the idea that the congressional budget process could be better structured in a way that eases time constraints. [...] One long-discuss… more
    Saturno, James
  • Commodity Futures Trading Commission: Proposed Reauthorization in the 115th Congress [January 10, 2017]
    "The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), created in 1974, regulates futures, most options, and swaps markets. The CFTC administers the Commodity Exchange Act [CEA] enacted in 1936 to monitor trading in certain derivat… more
    Miller, Rena S.
  • State, Foreign Operations Appropriations: A Guide to Component Accounts [January 9, 2017]
    "The State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs appropriations legislation provides annual funding for almost all of the international affairs programs generally considered as part of the 150 International Affairs Budget … more
    Tarnoff, Curt; Gill, Cory Richard
  • Legislative Actions to Repeal, Defund, or Delay the Affordable Care Act [January 9, 2017]
    "Congress remains deeply divided over implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), the health reform law enacted in March 2010 during the 111th Congress. Since the ACA's enactment, lawmakers opposed … more
    Redhead, C. Stephen; Kinzer, Janet
  • Armed Conflict in Syria: Overview and U.S. Response [January 6, 2017]
    "The rise of the insurgent terrorist group known as the Islamic State (IS, also known as ISIL, ISIS, or the Arabic acronym Da'esh) and Russia's military intervention on behalf of the Syrian government have reshaped debates ove… more
    Humud, Carla E.; Blanchard, Christopher M.; Nikitin, Mary Beth Dunham
  • Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments [January 6, 2017]
    "The military retirement system is a government-funded, noncontributory, defined benefit system that has historically been viewed as a significant incentive in retaining a career military force. The system currently includes m… more
    Kamarck, Kristy N.
  • U.S. Special Operations Forces (SOF): Background and Issues for Congress [January 6, 2017]
    "Special Operations Forces (SOF) play a significant role in U.S. military operations and, in recent years, have been given greater responsibility for planning and conducting worldwide counterterrorism operations. U.S. Special … more
    Feickert, Andrew
  • Israel: Background and U.S. Relations in Brief [January 6, 2017]
    "For decades, strong bilateral relations have fueled and reinforced significant U.S.-Israel cooperation in many areas, including regional security. Nonetheless, at various points throughout the relationship, U.S. and Israeli p… more
    Zanotti, Jim
  • Constitutional Authority Statements and the Powers of Congress: An Overview [January 6, 2017]
    "On January 5, 2011, the House of Representatives adopted an amendment to House Rule XII to require that Members of the House state the constitutional basis for Congress's power to enact the proposed legislation when introduci… more
    Nolan, Andrew
  • Increasing Choice, Access, and Quality in Health Care for Americans Act (Division C of P.L. 114-255) [January 6, 2017]
    "This report summarizes the Increasing Choice, Access, and Quality in Health Care for Americans Act, enacted December 13, 2016, as Division C of the 21st Century Cures Act (P.L. [Public Law] 114-255). Division C comprises Titl… more
    Uberoi, Namrata K.
  • Military Benefits for Former Spouses: Legislation and Policy Issues [January 6, 2017]
    "In 1981, the Supreme Court ruled that the former spouse of a military member or retiree could not be awarded any share of that member's/retiree's retired pay as a part of a divorce property settlement in a community property … more
    Kamarck, Kristy N.
  • Alien Registration Requirements: Obama Administration Removes Certain Regulations, but Underlying Statutory Authority Remains [January 5, 2017]
    "In a final rule issued and effective on December 23, 2016, the Department of Homeland Security removed regulations that the Executive had relied upon in implementing the National Security Entry-Exit Registration System (NSEER… more
  • EPA and the Army Corps' Rule to Define 'Waters of the United States' [January 5, 2017]
    "On May 27, 2015, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) jointly announced a final rule defining the scope of waters protected under the Clean Water Act (CWA). [...] According to… more
    Copeland, Claudia
  • Veterans Choice Program (VCP): Program Implementation [January 5, 2017]
    "Authorized under Section 101 of the Veterans Access, Choice, and Accountability Act of 2014 (VACAA), the Veterans Choice Program (VCP) is a new, temporary program (the VCP is set to expire in August 2017 or whenever funds in … more
    Panangala, Sidath Viranga
  • Parliamentary Rights of the Delegates and Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico [January 5, 2017]
    "As officers who represent territories and properties possessed or administered by the United States but not admitted to statehood, the five House delegates and the resident commissioner from Puerto Rico do not enjoy all the s… more
    Davis, Christopher M., 1966-
  • Statutory Restrictions on the Position of Secretary of Defense: Issues for Congress [January 5, 2017]
    "The proposed nomination of General (Ret.) James Mattis, United States Marine Corps (hereafter referred to as 'General Mattis'), who retired from the military in 2013, to be Secretary of Defense requires both houses of Congres… more
    McInnis, Kathleen J.
  • Party Leaders in the United States Congress, 1789-2017 [January 5, 2017]
    "This report briefly describes current responsibilities and selection mechanisms for 15 House and Senate party leadership posts and provides tables with historical data, including service dates, party affiliation, and other in… more
    Heitshusen, Valerie
  • Changes in the Arctic: Background and Issues for Congress [January 5, 2017]
    "The diminishment of Arctic sea ice has led to increased human activities in the Arctic, and has heightened interest in, and concerns about, the region's future. The United States, by virtue of Alaska, is an Arctic country and… more
    O'Rourke, Ronald
  • Budget Reconciliation Process: Stages of Consideration [January 4, 2017]
    "The purpose of the reconciliation process is to enhance Congress's ability to bring existing spending, revenue, and debt limit laws into compliance with current fiscal priorities and goals established in the annual budget res… more
    Lynch, Megan Suzanne; Saturno, James
  • Latin America and the Caribbean: Key Issues and Actions in the 114th Congress [January 4, 2017]
    "U.S. policy toward [the Latin American and Caribbean region] under the Obama Administration focused on four priorities: promoting economic and social opportunity; ensuring citizen security; strengthening effective democratic … more
    Sullivan, Mark P.
  • Transportation Spending Under an Earmark Ban [January 4, 2017]
    "In the 112th Congress, which convened in January 2011, the House and Senate began observing an earmark ban. Earmarks--formally known as congressionally directed spending--directed a significant amount of federal transportatio… more
    Kirk, Robert S.; Mallett, William; Peterman, David Randall
  • Systemically Important or 'Too Big to Fail' Financial Institutions [January 4, 2017]
    "Although 'too big to fail' (TBTF) has been a long-standing policy issue, it was highlighted by the financial crisis, when the government intervened to prevent the near-collapse of several large financial firms in 2008. Financ… more
    Labonte, Marc
  • Budget Reconciliation Measures Enacted Into Law: 1980-2010 [January 4, 2017]
    "The budget reconciliation process is an optional procedure that operates as an adjunct to the budget resolution process established by the Congressional Budget Act of 1974. The chief purpose of the reconciliation process is t… more
    Lynch, Megan Suzanne
  • Speakers of the House: Elections, 1913-2017 [January 4, 2017]
    "Each new House elects a Speaker by roll call vote when it first convenes. Customarily, the conference of each major party nominates a candidate whose name is placed in nomination. A Member normally votes for the candidate of … more
    Beth, Richard S.; Heitshusen, Valerie
  • Inspectors General In and Beyond the Presidential Transition Period [January 3, 2017]
    "Much of the federal government is in transition, as a new Congress convenes and a new Administration prepares to assume leadership of the executive branch. In the coming months, Members will join congressional committees with… more
    Ginsberg, Wendy R.
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