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  • Defense Authorization and Appropriations Bills: FY1970-FY2017 [January 18, 2017]
    "The passage of the Department of Defense (DOD) authorization and appropriations bills through Congress often does not follow the course laid out in textbooks on legislative procedure. Tracking DOD authorization or appropriati… more
    DeBruyne, Nese F.
  • What Can the New President Do About the Effective Dates of Pending Regulations? [January 17, 2018]
    "It has become common practice for a new President to impose an executive branch-wide freeze, or moratorium, on all regulations under development so that the previous administration's regulatory proposals may be reviewed for c… more
  • Unaccompanied Alien Children: An Overview [January 18, 2017]
    "In FY2014, the number of unaccompanied alien children (UAC, unaccompanied children) that were apprehended at the Southwest border while attempting to enter the United States without authorization reached a peak, straining the… more
    Kandel, William
  • Islamic State and U.S. Policy [January 18, 2017]
    "This report provides background on the Islamic State organization, discusses its goals, operations, and affiliates, reviews U.S. legislative and policy debates, and describes select FY2017 legislation from the 114th Congress (H.R. 5325, H.R. 2028, S. 2943, H.R. 5293, and S. 3000)."
    Blanchard, Christopher M.; Humud, Carla E.
  • U.S. Manufacturing in International Perspective [January 18, 2017]
    "The health of the U.S. manufacturing sector has long been of great concern to Congress. The decline in manufacturing employment since the start of the 21st century has stimulated particular congressional interest, leading Mem… more
    Levinson, Marc
  • Concurrent Receipt: Background and Issues for Congress [January 18, 2017]
    "'Concurrent receipt' refers to the simultaneous receipt of two types of monetary benefits: military retired pay and Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) disability compensation. Prior to 2004, existing laws and regulations dic… more
    Kamarck, Kristy N.
  • EPA's Mid-Term Evaluation of Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards [January 17, 2017]
    "In 2009, the Obama Administration--through authorities provided to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)--developed joint standards for fuel economy and green… more
    Lattanzio, Richard K.
  • Climate Change Litigation Update: 'Children's Crusade' Case Against the United States Goes Forward [January 17, 2017]
    "Recently, an Oregon federal district court judge denied the U.S. government's motion to dismiss a lawsuit brought by a group of 21 individuals, all age 20 or younger, and other plaintiffs seeking to compel the federal governm… more
  • Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA): Resources for Frequently Asked Questions [January 17, 2017]
    "The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA; P.L. 111-148, as amended) has numerous provisions affecting private health insurance and public health coverage programs. This report provides resources to help congression… more
    Napili, Angela
  • SORNA: A Legal Analysis of 18 U.S.C. §2250 (Failure to Register as a Sex Offender) [January 17, 2017]
    "Section 2250 of Title 18 of the United States Code outlaws an individual's failure to comply with federal Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA) requirements. SORNA demands that an individual--previously convi… more
    Doyle, Charles
  • Russia and the U.S. Presidential Election [January 17, 2017]
    "On January 6, 2016, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) released a declassified report on Russian activities and intentions related to the 2016 U.S. presidential election. The report states that the Cen… more
    Welt, Cory; Theohary, Catherine A.
  • Health Benefits for Members of Congress and Designated Congressional Staff: In Brief [January 13, 2017]
    "Many private-and public-sector firms offer employer-sponsored health insurance to their employees and contribute toward the cost of that insurance as part of the employee's compensation package. The federal government, as an … more
    Cornell, Ada S.
  • Use of the Annual Appropriations Process to Block Implementation of the Affordable Care Act (FY2011-FY2017) [January 13, 2017]
    "Congress remains deeply divided over implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), the health reform law enacted in March 2010. Since the ACA's enactment, lawmakers opposed to specific provisions in … more
    Redhead, C. Stephen; Cornell, Ada S.
  • Inauguration Security: Operations, Appropriations, and Issues for Congress [January 11, 2017]
    "Every four years, on January 20, the President-elect is sworn in as President of the United States. [...] The inauguration ceremonies are public and, like the President's State of the Union address, they are events in which a… more
    Reese, Shawn; Straus, Jacob R.; Bailey, Christina M.
  • Millennium Challenge Corporation [January 11, 2017]
    "The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) provides economic assistance through a competitive selection process to developing nations that demonstrate positive performance in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, a… more
    Tarnoff, Curt
  • Army's Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV): Background and Issues for Congress [January 11, 2017]
    "The Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV) is the Army's proposed replacement for the Vietnam-era M-113 personnel carriers, which are still in service in a variety of support capacities in Armored Brigade Combat Teams (ABCTs). … more
    Feickert, Andrew
  • Overview of U.S. Sanctions Regimes on Russia [January 11, 2017]
    "On December 29, 2016, President Barack Obama imposed sanctions on Russia for malicious cyber activity. These are the latest in a series of U.S. sanctions regimes that have been imposed on Russia over the last several years in… more
    Welt, Cory; Rennack, Dianne E.
  • Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV): Background and Issues for Congress [January 10, 2017]
    "The Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) is being developed by the Army and the Marine Corps as a successor to the High Mobility, Multi-Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV), which has been in service since 1985. On October 28, 2008, awards… more
    Feickert, Andrew
  • Sanctuary Jurisdictions and Criminal Aliens: In Brief [January 10, 2017]
    "The prominence of immigration enforcement issues during the 2016 presidential election as well as publicity surrounding crimes committed by some unauthorized aliens have reignited debates over immigration enforcement in the i… more
    Kandel, William
  • Clean Power Plan: Legal Background and Pending Litigation in West Virginia v. EPA [January 10, 2017]
    "On October 23, 2015, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published its final Clean Power Plan rule (Rule) to regulate emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs), specifically carbon dioxide (CO2), from existing fossil fu… more
    Tsang, Linda; Wyatt, Alexandra M.
  • Biennial Budgeting: Issues, Options, and Congressional Actions [January 10, 2017]
    "Difficulties in the timely enactment of budgetary legislation have long fueled interest in the idea that the congressional budget process could be better structured in a way that eases time constraints. [...] One long-discuss… more
    Saturno, James
  • Commodity Futures Trading Commission: Proposed Reauthorization in the 115th Congress [January 10, 2017]
    "The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), created in 1974, regulates futures, most options, and swaps markets. The CFTC administers the Commodity Exchange Act [CEA] enacted in 1936 to monitor trading in certain derivat… more
    Miller, Rena S.
  • State, Foreign Operations Appropriations: A Guide to Component Accounts [January 9, 2017]
    "The State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs appropriations legislation provides annual funding for almost all of the international affairs programs generally considered as part of the 150 International Affairs Budget … more
    Tarnoff, Curt; Gill, Cory Richard
  • Legislative Actions to Repeal, Defund, or Delay the Affordable Care Act [January 9, 2017]
    "Congress remains deeply divided over implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), the health reform law enacted in March 2010 during the 111th Congress. Since the ACA's enactment, lawmakers opposed … more
    Redhead, C. Stephen; Kinzer, Janet
  • Armed Conflict in Syria: Overview and U.S. Response [January 6, 2017]
    "The rise of the insurgent terrorist group known as the Islamic State (IS, also known as ISIL, ISIS, or the Arabic acronym Da'esh) and Russia's military intervention on behalf of the Syrian government have reshaped debates ove… more
    Humud, Carla E.; Blanchard, Christopher M.; Nikitin, Mary Beth Dunham
  • Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments [January 6, 2017]
    "The military retirement system is a government-funded, noncontributory, defined benefit system that has historically been viewed as a significant incentive in retaining a career military force. The system currently includes m… more
    Kamarck, Kristy N.
  • U.S. Special Operations Forces (SOF): Background and Issues for Congress [January 6, 2017]
    "Special Operations Forces (SOF) play a significant role in U.S. military operations and, in recent years, have been given greater responsibility for planning and conducting worldwide counterterrorism operations. U.S. Special … more
    Feickert, Andrew
  • Israel: Background and U.S. Relations in Brief [January 6, 2017]
    "For decades, strong bilateral relations have fueled and reinforced significant U.S.-Israel cooperation in many areas, including regional security. Nonetheless, at various points throughout the relationship, U.S. and Israeli p… more
    Zanotti, Jim
  • Constitutional Authority Statements and the Powers of Congress: An Overview [January 6, 2017]
    "On January 5, 2011, the House of Representatives adopted an amendment to House Rule XII to require that Members of the House state the constitutional basis for Congress's power to enact the proposed legislation when introduci… more
    Nolan, Andrew
  • Increasing Choice, Access, and Quality in Health Care for Americans Act (Division C of P.L. 114-255) [January 6, 2017]
    "This report summarizes the Increasing Choice, Access, and Quality in Health Care for Americans Act, enacted December 13, 2016, as Division C of the 21st Century Cures Act (P.L. [Public Law] 114-255). Division C comprises Titl… more
    Uberoi, Namrata K.
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