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  • Merida Initiative: Proposed U.S. Anticrime and Counterdrug Assistance for Mexico and Central America [March 18, 2008]
    "Increasing violence perpetrated by drug cartels, youth gangs, and other criminal groups is threatening citizen security and democracy in Mexico and Central America. Mexican and Central American government efforts to combat dru… more
    Cook, Colleen W.; Rush, Rebecca G.; Seelke, Clare Ribando
    2008-03-18
    72KB
  • Filling Presidentially Appointed, Senate-Confirmed Positions in the Department of Homeland Security [Updated January 16, 2004]
    "During consideration of the legislation creating the new Department of Homeland Security (DHS), many observers stressed the need to mobilize a new department quickly to respond to threats to homeland security. Yet new governmen… more
    Hogue, Henry B.
    2004-01-16
    200KB
  • Organized Crime in the United States: Trends and Issues for Congress [May 15,2009]
    "Organized crime threatens multiple facets of the United States, including the economy and national security. In fact, the Organized Crime Council was recently reconvened for the first time in 15 years to address this continued… more
    Finklea, Kristin M.
    2009-05-15
    475KB
  • Financing Issues and Economic Effects of American Wars [Updated July 29, 2008]
    "With military conflict in Iraq and Afghanistan, Congress has expressed an interest in how wars have been financed historically, and what effects the wars had on the economy. This report examines financing and economic issues … more
    2008-07-29
    148KB
  • Side-by-Side Comparison of Intelligence Community Reforms Proposed by 9/11
    This document provides a side-by-side comparison chart of Intelligence Community reforms proposed by the 9/11 Commission, the Bush Administration, Senators Feinstein, Graham and Daschle, and Representatives Harman and Goss; an… more
    Cumming, Alfred
    2004-08-11
    96KB
  • Merida Initiative for Mexico and Central America: Funding and Policy Issues [January 13, 2009]
    "Increasing violence perpetrated by drug trafficking organizations, gangs, and other criminal groups is threatening citizen security in Mexico and Central America. Drug-related violence claimed more than 5,300 lives in Mexico i… more
    Seelke, Clare Ribando
    2009-01-13
    467KB
  • Domestic Intelligence in the United Kingdom: Applicability of the MI-5 Model to the United States - Table 1 [audio]
    This paper summarizes pending legislation relating to domestic intelligence, briefly explains the jurisdiction and functions of MI-5, and describes some of the factors that may be relevant to a discussion regarding the applica… more
    Masse, Todd
    2003-05-19
    1510KB
  • Domestic Intelligence in the United Kingdom: Applicability of the MI-5 Model to the United States [audio]
    This is an audio recording of the text of "Domestic Intelligence in the United Kingdom: Applicability of the MI-5 Model to the United States". This paper summarizes pending legislation relating to domestic intelligence, briefl… more
    Masse, Todd
    2003-05-19
    18031KB
  • Europe and Counterterrorism: Strengthening Police and Judicial Cooperation [Updated September 16, 2003] - Appendix A [audio]
    "The September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States have given new momentum to European Union (EU) initiatives to combat terrorism and other crossborder crimes such as drug trafficking, human trafficking, and finan… more
    Archick, Kristin
    2003-09-16
    11002KB
  • Europe and Counterterrorism: Strengthening Police and Judicial Cooperation [Updated September 16, 2003] [audio]
    "The September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States have given new momentum to European Union (EU) initiatives to combat terrorism and other crossborder crimes such as drug trafficking, human trafficking, and finan… more
    Archick, Kristin
    2003-09-16
    37861KB
  • Renewable Energy: Background and Issues for the 110th Congress [September 6, 2007]
    "Renewable energy can be used to produce liquid fuels and electricity. A variety of funding, tax incentives, and regulatory policies have been enacted to support renewables as a means for addressing concerns about energy secur… more
    Sissine, Fred J.
    2007-09-06
    212KB
  • Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY 2008 Appropriations [August 27, 2007]
    "The House of Representatives passed the FY2008 agriculture appropriations bill (H.R. 3161, H. Rept. 110-258) on August 2, 2007, by a vote of 237-18. Many Republicans did not cast votes on final passage of the bill because of … more
    2007-08-27
    248KB
  • Averting Financial Crisis
    "This report supplements CRS Report RL34182, 'Financial Crisis? The Liquidity Crunch of August 2007', by Darryl Getter et al., which describes in greater detail the channels through which subprime problems cascaded through the… more
    Jickling, Mark
    2008-03-21
    206KB
  • High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse (HEMP) and High Power Microwave (HPM) Devices: Threat Assessments [Updated March 26, 2008]
    "The threat of an EMP attack against the United States is hard to assess, but some observers indicate that it is growing along with worldwide access to newer technologies and the proliferation of nuclear weapons. Policy issues… more
    Wilson, Clay
    2008-03-26
    168KB
  • Collective Bargaining and Homeland Security [Updated September 5, 2002]
    "This report discusses the personnel provisions of recent proposals to create a new Department of Homeland Security. H.R. 5005, the Homeland Security Act of 2002, has generated concern among some members of the labor community … more
    Shimabukuro, Jon O.
    2002-09-05
    41KB
  • Bioterrorism: Summary of a CRS/National Health Policy Forum Seminar on Federal, State, and Local Public Health Preparedness [December 21, 2001]
    "The September 11th attack and subsequent intentional release of anthrax spores via the U.S. postal system have focused policymakers' attention on the preparedness and response capability of the nation's public health system. T… more
    Strongin, Robin J.; Redhead, C. Stephen
    2001-12-21
    69KB
  • Appropriations for FY2004: Department of Homeland Security [Updated July 12, 2003]
    "This report describes the President's proposal for FY2004 appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). It summarizes the President's FY2004 budget request for DHS programs, as submitted to the Congress Februar… more
    Snook, Dennis W.; Irwin, Paul
    2003-07-12
    73KB
  • Haiti: Post-Hurricane Conditions and Assistance [October 27, 2008]
    "In August and September 2008, four major storms directly hit or passed close to Haiti, causing widespread devastation. As of early October, 2008, the U.S. government has either provided or pledged just over $30 million in huma… more
    Sullivan, Mark P.; Taft-Morales, Maureen
    2008-10-27
    68KB
  • National Flood Insurance Program: Treasury Borrowing in the Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina [September 19, 2008]
    "In 2008, Hurricanes Ike, Gustav and Dolly made landfall in the United States, causing widespread flood damages. Estimates of federal flood losses from these three storms are not yet known. Exactly three years earlier, claims a… more
    King, Rawle O.
    2008-09-19
    72KB
  • Disaster Tax Relief for the Midwest [August 20, 2008]
    "The Midwestern Disaster Tax Relief Act of 2008 (S. 3322 and H.R. 6587) is intended to assist with the recovery from the severe weather that affected the Midwest during the summer of 2008. The Jobs, Energy, Families, and Disast… more
    Lunder, Erika
    2008-08-20
    72KB
  • FEMA's Disaster Declaration Process: A Primer [March 18, 2010]
    "The disaster declaration procedure is foremost a process that preserves the discretion of the governor to request assistance and the President to decide to grant, or not to grant, supplemental help. The process employs some me… more
    McCarthy, Francis X.
    2010-03-18
    319KB
  • U.S. Global Food Security Initiative: Issues for Congress [November 24, 2009]
    "Agricultural development has been a component of the United States' foreign aid program, but U.S. funding for such assistance has declined from about 20% of U.S. official development assistance (ODA) in 1980 to around 5% in 20… more
    Hanrahan, Charles; Ho, Melissa
    2009-11-24
    287KB
  • Food Safety on the Farm: Federal Programs and Legislative Action [October 5, 2010]
    "Foodborne illness-causing bacteria on farms can enter the food supply unless preventive measures are in place to reduce them, either prior to or after harvest. Also of potential risk to the food supply are pesticide residues, … more
    Johnson, Renée
    2010-10-05
    275KB
  • Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and 'DREAM Act' Legislation [September 22, 2010]
    "Supporters of comprehensive immigration reform have urged the President and Congress to pursue reform legislation. While legislative action on comprehensive reform does not appear likely during the remainder of the 111th Congr… more
    Bruno, Andorra
    2010-09-22
    186KB
  • War Powers Resolution: Presidential Compliance [September 23, 2010]
    "Two separate but closely related issues confront Congress each time the President introduces armed forces into a situation abroad that conceivably could lead to their involvement in hostilities. One issue concerns the division… more
    Grimmett, Richard F.
    2010-09-23
    224KB
  • National Flood Insurance Program: Background, Challenges, and Financial Status [April 8, 2010]
    "In 1968, the U.S. Congress established the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) to address the nation's flood exposure and challenges inherent in financing and managing flood risks in the private sector. Private insurance c… more
    King, Rawle O.
    2010-04-08
    280KB
  • Africa Command: U.S. Strategic Interests and the Role of the U.S. Military in Africa [April 3, 2010]
    "In recent years, analysts and U.S. policymakers have noted Africa's growing strategic importance to U.S. interests. Among those interests are the increasing importance of Africa's natural resources, particularly energy resourc… more
    Blanchard, Lauren Ploch
    2010-04-03
    487KB
  • Financial Regulatory Reform: Systemic Risk and the Federal Reserve [March 26, 2010]
    "The recent financial crisis contained a number of systemic risk episodes, or episodes that caused instability for large parts of the financial system. The lesson some policymakers have taken from this crisis is that a systemic… more
    Labonte, Marc
    2010-03-26
    283KB
  • Immigration of Foreign Workers: Labor Market Tests and Protections [March 30, 2010]
    "Economic indicators confirm that the U.S. economy sunk into a recession in December 2007. Although some economic indicators suggest that growth has resumed, unemployment remains high and is projected to remain so for some time… more
    Wassem, Ruth Ellen
    2010-03-30
    338KB
  • Foreign Aid Reform, National Strategy, and the Quadrennial Review [April 12, 2010]
    "Several development proponents, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and policymakers are pressing the 111th Congress to reform U.S. foreign aid capabilities to better address 21st Century development needs and national secur… more
    Epstein, Susan B.
    2010-04-12
    194KB
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