ALL FEATURED TOPICS ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE

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Electronic Surveillance

Browsing featured resources (27)

Search general resources for Electronic Surveillance (222)

27 featured resources    updated Oct 25, 2016

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Hearings

  • Potential Changes to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA): Hearing Before the U.S. House of Representatives Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, One Hundred Thirteenth Congress, First Session, October 29, 2013
    This testimony compilation is from the October 29, 2013 hearing, "Potential Changes to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA)," before the U.S. House of Representatives Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. Fro… more
    2013-10-29
    5919KB

Presidential Actions

  • Executive Order 12139: Foreign Intelligence Electronic Surveillance
    This executive order authorizes the Attorney General to approve electronic surveillance to acquire foreign intelligence information without a court order.
    1979-05-23
    81KB
  • Executive Order 12333: United States Intelligence Activities
    Timely and accurate information about the activities, capabilities, plans, and intentions of foreign powers, organizations, and persons, and their agents, is essential to the national security of the United States. All reasonabl… more
    1981-12-04
    54KB
  • Presidential Directive 19: Electronic Surveillance and Physical Searches Conducted by the Department of Defense Outside the United States for Foreign Intelligence Purposes
    In this Directive, President Carter amends "Presidential Directive/NSC-19 to include a delegation of power to military judges to authorize electronic surveillance and physical searches directed United States persons who are ou… more
    1979-08-24
    188KB

Public Law

  • Public Law 103-414: Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act
    This document is Public Law 103-414, "an act to amend title 18, United States Code, to make clear a telecommunications carrier's duty to cooperate in the interception of communications for law enforcement purposes, and for other purposes."
    1994-10-25
    12231KB
  • Public Law 107-56: Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT ACT) Act of 2001
    "An Act to deter and punish terrorist acts in the United States and around the world, to enhance law enforcement investigatory tools, and for other purposes." The following Titles aim to increase and enhance domestic security: Ti… more
    2001-10-26
    410KB
  • Public Law 109-177: USA PATRIOT Improvement and Reauthorization Act of 2005
    "An Act to extend and modify authorities needed to combat terrorism, and for other purposes." Acts relevant to homeland security included as subsections of this act: "Terrorist Death Penalty Enhancement Act of 2005"; "Reducing… more
    2006-03-09
    297KB
  • Public Law 110-261: Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 Amendments Act of 2008
    "An act to amend the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 to establish a procedure for authorizing certain acquisitions of foreign intelligence, and for other purposes." This act is also known as the "FISA Amendments Act of 2008."
    2008-07-10
    215KB

Reports - Congressional

  • NSA Surveillance Leaks: Background and Issues for Congress [July 2, 2013]
    "Recent media stories about National Security Agency (NSA) surveillance address unauthorized disclosures of two different intelligence collection programs. These programs arise from provisions of the Foreign Intelligence Surve… more
    Erwin, Marshall Curtis; Liu, Edward C.
    2013-07-02
    318KB

Reports - FISA

  • Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act: An Overview of the Statutory Framework and Recent Judicial Decisions [Updated April 21, 2005]
    "The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, 50 U.S.C. 1801 et seq., (FISA) as passed in 1978, provided a statutory framework for the use of electronic surveillance in the context of foreign intelligence gathering. In so doing… more
    Bazan, Elizabeth B.
    2005-04-21
    400KB
  • Report on the Telephone Records Program Conducted under Section 215 of the USA PATRIOT Act and on the Operations of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court
    "On June 5, 2013, the British newspaper 'The Guardian' published the first of a series of articles based on unauthorized disclosures of classified documents by Edward Snowden, a contractor for the National Security Agency ('NS… more
    2014-01-23
    2156KB

Reports - General

  • Administration White Paper: Bulk Collection of Telephony Metadata Under Section 215 of the USA PATRIOT Act
    "This white paper explains the Government's legal basis for an intelligence collection program under which the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) obtains court orders directing certain telecommunications service providers t… more
    2013-08-09
    160KB
  • Encryption and Evolving Technology: Implications for U.S. Law Enforcement Investigations [September 8, 2015]
    "Because modern-day criminals are constantly developing new tools and techniques to facilitate their illicit activities, law enforcement is challenged with leveraging its tools and authorities to keep pace. For instance, inter… more
    Finklea, Kristin M.
    2015-09-08
    726KB

Reports - Privacy

  • Governmental Tracking of Cell Phones and Vehicles: The Confluence of Privacy, Technology, and Law [December 1, 2011]
    "Technology has advanced considerably since the framers established the constitutional parameters for searches and seizures in the Fourth Amendment. What were ink quills and parchment are now cell phones and the Internet. It i… more
    Thompson, Richard M., II
    2011-12-01
    349KB
  • Law Enforcement Use of Global Positioning (GPS) Devices to Monitor Motor Vehicles: Fourth Amendment Considerations [November 22, 2011]
    "As technology continues to advance, what was once thought novel, even a luxury, quickly becomes commonplace, even a necessity. Global Positioning System (GPS) technology is one such example. Generally, GPS is a satellite-base… more
    Smith, Alison M., 1962-
    2011-11-22
    267KB
  • Privacy: An Abridged Overview of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act [October 9, 2012]
    "This report provides an overview of federal law governing wiretapping and electronic eavesdropping under the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA). It is a federal crime to wiretap or to use a machine to capture the co… more
    Doyle, Charles
    2012-10-09
    229KB
  • Privacy: An Overview of Federal Statutes Governing Wiretapping and Electronic Eavesdropping [October 9, 2012]
    "This report provides an overview of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA) and the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA). ECPA consists of three parts. The first, often referred to as Title III, outlaws wiret… more
    Stevens, Gina Marie; Doyle, Charles
    2012-10-09
    1332KB
  • Privacy: An Overview of Federal Statutes Governing Wiretapping and Electronic Eavesdropping [September 2, 2008]
    "This report provides an overview of federal law governing wiretapping and electronic eavesdropping. It also appends citations to state law in the area and contains a bibliography of legal commentary as well as the text of the… more
    Stevens, Gina Marie; Doyle, Charles
    2008-09-02
    896KB
  • Privacy: An Overview of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act [October 9, 2012]
    "This report provides an overview of federal law governing wiretapping and electronic eavesdropping under the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA). It also appends citations to state law in the area and the text of ECP… more
    Doyle, Charles
    2012-10-09
    877KB

Websites

  • Ask CALEA: Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act [website]
    From the website: "In October 1994, Congress took action to protect public safety and ensure national security by enacting the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (CALEA ), Pub. L. [Public Law] No. 103-41… more
    13KB
  • Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) [website]
    Primarily focusing on technology related civil liberties, the EFF is a donor-supported membership organization that works to protect fundamental rights regardless of technology; to educate the press, policymakers and the gener… more
    16KB
  • Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) [website]
    Watchdog organization monitoring the modes and methods of Government agencies electronic data gathering and its effect on civil liberties and right to privacy. A good source of information on new government programs for information gathering.
    82KB