On June 20, 2002, an advisory panel to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) voted against mass smallpox vaccination and instead recommended that emergency medical personnel receive the vaccine. The plan was reviewed by CDC and the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS); a revised version was sent in early September to the White House for approval. Congress addresses control of the vaccine stockpile in the Homeland Security legislation (H.R. 5005, S. 2452).
CRS Report for Congress, RS21271