Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate: H.R. 3448: Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 [open pdf - 12KB]
"H.R. 3448, enacted as Public Law 107-188, provides the Department of Health and Human Services and the Department of Agriculture with new authorities to regulate the possession, use, and transfer of certain biological agents and toxins. The act includes assessments of civil penalties of up to $500,000 for violations of the regulations. In addition, the act creates criminal penalties for unlawful possession and unauthorized transfers of certain biological agents and toxins. Violators can be fined or imprisoned for up to five years, or both. The new criminal penalties will be deposited as revenues into the Crime Victims Fund and spent in subsequent years as direct spending. CBO estimates that the increase in civil and criminal penalties will not be significant in any year."
Congressional Budget Office: http://cbo.gov