The threat of agricultural terrorism is real. The consequences of an attack on our agricultural infrastructure may have a devastating impact on our economy while threatening the survival of our citizenry and the very existence of our nation. Our preparations to prevent and respond to such an attack will determine whether the impact of an agricultural terrorism incident is contained or if it has catastrophic results. How critical is our agriculture infrastructure to our way of life? What is the nature of the threat to our agricultural industry? Are present security methods capable of handling the threat? If not, what steps should the Executive Branch and the Department of Defense take to address the threat? This study seeks to answer these questions while providing a framework using an ends, ways and means analysis to address the development of an agricultural protection policy and identify the role the Department of Defense should play in combating the threat.