Human Security in Complex Operations   [open pdf - 250KB]

"Complex operations take place in zones of insecurity. In these zones, ordinary people face a range of everyday risks and dangers. They risk being killed, tortured, kidnapped, robbed, raped, or displaced from their homes. They risk dying from hunger, lack of shelter, disease, or lack of access to health care. They are vulnerable to man-made and natural disasters--hurricanes, earthquakes, tsunamis, floods, or fires. These risks and dangers feed on each other. They are very difficult to eliminate; hence, the current preoccupation with 'persistent conflict' or 'forever wars.' These have a tendency to spread both to neighboring regions--growing zones of insecurity in places such as East Africa, Central Asia, the Caucasus, the Middle East, or the Balkans--and, indeed, to the inner cities of the industrialized West. Yet our security forces, largely based on conventional military forces designed to meet a foreign attack, are unsuited to address these risks and dangers; indeed, the application of conventional military force can often make things worse--as we have learned painfully in Iraq and Afghanistan. Already, a range of private actors, security contractors, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), militia, warlords, and criminal gangs have rushed to fill the vacuum created by the failure of public institutions to provide security, contributing both to security and, more often than not, to greater insecurity."

Public Domain
Retrieved From:
National Defense University Press: http://ndupress.ndu.edu/
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PRISM (March 2011), v.2 no.2, p 3-14
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