"'Deeming resolution' is a term that refers to legislation deemed to serve as an annual budget resolution for purposes of establishing enforceable budget levels for a budget cycle. A deeming resolution is used when the House and Senate are late in reaching final agreement on a budget resolution or fail to reach agreement altogether. The Congressional Budget Act of 1974 requires the annual adoption of a budget resolution establishing aggregate levels of revenues, spending, the debt limit, and the surplus or deficit, as well as allocations of spending. Enforcement of the budget resolution relies primarily upon points of order and reconciliation procedures. With regard to the enforcement of budget aggregates and committee spending allocations, the major points of order are found in Sections 311 and 302 of the act, respectively. […] For FY2005 and FY2007, the House and Senate again used deeming resolutions when they were unable to reach final agreement on the budget resolutions for those fiscal years. For FY2011, only the House agreed to a formal deeming resolution. The Senate chose instead to rely on informal limits on budgetary legislation. For FY2012, the House has agreed to H.Res. 287, a special rule deeming H.Con.Res. 34 as adopted, pending the adoption by the House and Senate of a budget resolution for FY2012. This report will be updated as developments warrant."
CRS Report for Congress, RL31443