"From 2003 to 2009, an annual average of 195,000 hate crime victimizations occurred each year against persons age 12 or older residing in the United States, according to the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS). The 148,400 overall hate crime victimizations that occurred in 2009 represent a decline from 2003 when residents experienced 239,400 hate crime victimizations. During the period, the number and rate of violent hate crime victimizations also declined. The rate of violent hate crime declined from 0.8 violent hate crime victimizations per 1,000 persons age 12 or older in 2003 to 0.5 per 1,000 in 2009. Nearly 90% of the hate crime victimizations occurring during the 7-year period were perceived to be racially or ethnically motivated. The 1990 Hate Crime Statistics Act (P.L. 101-275) defines bias-motivated or hate crimes as 'crimes that manifest evidence of prejudice based on race, religion, sexual orientation, or ethnicity.' The law has since been amended twice: once in 1994 to include crimes motivated by bias against persons with disabilities, and in late 2009 to include crimes of prejudice based on gender or gender identity."
U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics: http://www.bjs.gov/