Russian Military Actions at Ukraine's Nuclear Power Plants [Updated September 12, 2022]   [open pdf - 785KB]

From the Document: "Russia's ongoing military occupation of Ukraine's six-reactor Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant (ZNPP)--the largest in Europe [hyperlink]--has raised widespread alarm about potential damage to the plant that could cause large radioactive releases to the environment. Russian forces captured the plant on March 4, 2022, with reported 'heavy fighting and artillery shelling [hyperlink].' Shelling around the plant resumed on August 5, 2022, prompting the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to warn [hyperlink], 'Any military firepower directed at or from the facility would amount to playing with fire, with potentially catastrophic consequences.' Continued shelling during August and September 2022 repeatedly disabled the plant's connections to the surrounding power grid. Whenever offsite power was lost, the two reactors that have been operating since the Russian takeover would usually shut down for safety reasons and then restart when power lines were repaired. According to Ukraine's nuclear safety agency [hyperlink], the plant was reconnected to the grid as of September 12, 2022, but all six of the plant's reactors were in cold shutdown because of ongoing shelling in the area."

Report Number:
CRS Insight, IN11883
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
Media Type:
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