State Minimum Wages: An Overview [Updated September 2, 2022]   [open pdf - 2MB]

From the Introduction: "The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), enacted in 1938, is the federal legislation that establishes the general minimum wage that must be paid to all covered workers. The FLSA mandates broad minimum wage coverage. It also specifies certain categories of workers who are not covered by general FLSA wage standards, such as workers with certain disabilities or certain youth workers. In 1938, the FLSA established a minimum wage of $0.25 per hour. The minimum wage provisions of the FLSA have been amended numerous times since then, typically to expand coverage or raise the wage rate. [...] States, the District of Columbia, and territories generally have three options in setting their minimum wage policies: (1) they can set their own minimum wage provisions that differ from those in the FLSA, (2) they can explicitly tie their minimum wage provisions to the FLSA, or (3) they can include no specific minimum wage provisions in state law. This report begins with a brief discussion of FLSA minimum wage coverage. It then provides a summary of state minimum wage laws, followed by an examination of rates and mechanisms of adjustments in states with minimum wage levels above the FLSA rate [...]. Next, the report discusses the interaction of federal and state minimum wages over time, and finally, the 'Appendix' provides detailed information on the major components of minimum wage policies in all 50 states and the District of Columbia."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, R43792
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
Media Type:
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