Allied Democratic Forces, an Islamic State Affiliate in the Democratic Republic of Congo [September 1, 2022] [open pdf - 584KB]
From the Document: "The Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) is an armed group primarily active in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). ADF combatants primarily are from Uganda and DRC, with some reportedly from other countries in East Africa. The Islamic State (IS, aka ISIL [Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant]/ISIS [Islamic State of Iraq and Syria]) recognized a pledge of allegiance by ADF leadership in 2019, and the State Department designated the group as an IS affiliate and Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) in 2021. The ADF has drawn interest from Congress due to its IS affiliation and for the threat it poses to long-running U.S. efforts to help stabilize DRC, where overlapping conflicts have caused one of the world's worst humanitarian crises. The ADF has reportedly expanded its areas of operation, capacity, and lethality since 2021, despite Congolese and Ugandan military operations. DRC's government declared martial law in ADF-affected areas in May 2021, and in late 2021, Uganda deployed troops to counter the ADF inside DRC after a string of attacks within Uganda. Since mid2022, a surge in activity by another DRC-based armed group, the March 23 Movement (M23), has led some DRC troops and U.N. peacekeeping forces to withdraw from ADF-affected areas, deepening a security vacuum. Researchers debate the nature and significance of the ADF's IS ties, amid ambiguity about the ADF's size, structure, and aims."
CRS In Focus, IF12206
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/