From the Document: "On June 25, 2022, President Joe Biden signed into law the Bipartisan Safer Communities Act (S. 2938; P.L. [Public Law] 117-159). This law includes the Stop Illegal Trafficking in Firearms Act, provisions of which amend the Gun Control Act of 1968 (GCA, 18 U.S.C. [United States Code] §§ [sections] 921 et seq.) to more explicitly prohibit straw purchases and illegal gun trafficking. Related provisions expand federal law enforcement investigative authorities. [...] P.L. 117-159 amends the GCA with a follow-on provision, 18 U.S.C. §934, that makes any person convicted under either Sections 932 or 933 subject to civil forfeiture and fines. Convicted persons could forfeit any property constituting, or derived from, any proceeds obtained, directly or indirectly, from straw purchasing or gun trafficking, as well as any property used, or intended to be used, in the commission of such crimes. Persons convicted of such crimes could also be fined twice the gross profits or other proceeds of such offenses. P.L. 117-159 amends federal electronic surveillance, racketeering, and money laundering provisions, making violations of 18 U.S.C. §§932 or 933 predicate offenses. [...] To deter unlawful firearms commerce, or gun trafficking, the GCA requires all persons 'engaged in the business' of importing, manufacturing, and selling firearms to be licensed as federal firearms licensees (FFLs). The GCA generally prohibits anyone who is not an FFL from acquiring a firearm from an out-of-state source."
CRS In Focus, IF12190
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/