From the Document: "Many in Congress have expressed interest in increasing scientific understanding of tropical cyclones and improving forecasts to help their constituents prepare for the yearly hurricane season and potentially decrease a storm's impact on an individual or community. The Department of Commerce's National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is responsible for issuing tropical cyclone forecasts, including track, intensity, storm surge, and rainfall. [...] NOAA releases seasonal hurricane outlooks [hyperlink] relevant to the United States, including the North Atlantic, Eastern Pacific, and Central Pacific Oceans, before each hurricane season begins. Such outlooks include information on potential named storms, hurricanes, and major hurricanes. The Eastern Pacific season begins May 15, whereas the Atlantic and Central Pacific seasons begin June 1. All seasons run through November 30. Tropical cyclones, however, may form outside of these time frames [hyperlink]. In August, NOAA typically updates the Atlantic outlook but not the Pacific outlooks. Multiple nonfederal entities [hyperlink] also publish outlooks. These forecasts rely, in part, on NOAA's collected and shared information."
CRS Insight, IN11941
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/