Russia's Invasion of Ukraine: European Union Responses and Implications for U.S.-EU Relations [Updated July 28, 2022] [open pdf - 834KB]
From the Document: "The 27-member European Union (EU) has implemented a wide range of policy responses to Russia's 2022 war against Ukraine. EU actions [hyperlink] and coordination with the United States [hyperlink] are of interest to Congress given the EU's role as an important U.S. partner. [...] The EU has imposed several rounds [hyperlink] of increasingly punitive sanctions--or restrictive measures-- [hyperlink] intended [hyperlink] to cripple Russia's ability to finance the war against Ukraine, enact costs on Russia's elites, and diminish Russia's economic base. Imposing sanctions requires unanimity among EU members. Despite the EU's significant trade and investment ties to Russia [hyperlink], most EU sanctions were agreed swiftly. European reliance on Russian energy imports [hyperlink], however, has made targeting [hyperlink] such imports challenging [hyperlink], and the EU has not sanctioned Russian gas imports."
CRS Insight, IN11897
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/