From the Document: "On June 29, 2022, heads of state and government from NATO's 30 member states (see Figure 1 [hyperlink]) unanimously agreed to invite [hyperlink] Finland and Sweden to join the alliance. Finland and Sweden formally applied [hyperlink] for membership on May 18, prompted by heightened security concerns about Russia after its 2022 invasion of Ukraine. Finland's [hyperlink] and Sweden's applications [hyperlink] marked a historic shift [hyperlink] for these traditionally militarily nonaligned countries. The Biden Administration [hyperlink] and many Members of Congress [hyperlink] support Finland and Sweden joining NATO, arguing that the addition of these two mature democracies [hyperlink] with advanced militaries [hyperlink] will enhance security [hyperlink] in the Baltic Sea region and the broader Euro-Atlantic area. For Finland and Sweden to join the alliance, all NATO members must ratify requisite amendments to NATO's founding North Atlantic Treaty [hyperlink]; U.S. ratification requires Senate advice and consent."
CRS Insight, IN11949
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/